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What if Coconut Trees Disappeared? | #aumsum #kids #science #education #children

Translator: Ereblir Kadriu Reviewer: Artan Shabani Thank you very much. I came to America 12 years ago with my wife Terry and our two children. Actually, we came to Los Angeles – thinking we were coming to America. Either way, it is a short flight from Los Angeles in America. I arrived 12 years ago, and when I arrived, they told me some things, as if, "Americans do not understand irony." Have you heard of this idea before? It's not true. I have traveled the entire length and breadth of this state. I have found no evidence that Americans do not understand irony. It is one of the cultural myths, as if, "The British are reserved people." I do not know why people think so. We have invaded every state we have encountered. (Laughter) It's not true that Americans do not understand irony, but I want you to know that this is what others say about you, behind your back. So when you leave the living rooms in Europe, people say, fortunately no one was ironic in your presence. I realized that Americans understand irony when I came across legislation No Child Left Behind. Because anyone who thinks about this title understands the irony, or not, because – (Laughter) (Applause) – because I am leaving millions of children behind. I can say that this is not a very attractive name for a piece of legislation. Millions of Children Are Left Behind. I can understand this title. What is the plan? We propose to leave millions of children behind, and here's how it will work. And it is working wonders. In some parts of the state, 60% of children drop out of high school. In Native American communities 80% of children drop out of school. If we halve this number, a calculation shows it would make a profit for the US economy, so over the next 10 years they will earn $ 10 trillion. From an economic point of view, that's a good calculation, isn't it, and should we do it? In fact, it costs a lot to cover the damage of the school dropout crisis. But dropping out of school is just the beginning of the iceberg. This does not take into account students who are in school, but they are not disengaged, they do not enjoy school, and have no benefit from schooling. The reason for this is not that we are not spending enough money. America spends more money on education than most other states. Class sizes are much smaller than in many other countries. There are hundreds of initiatives each year that try to improve education. The problem is that all of this is going in the wrong direction. Human life takes place over three principles and these principles are opposed by the culture of education which most teachers follow, and most students afford it. The first principle is that human beings are naturally different and varied. May I ask how many of you do you have children? Good. Granddaughter or grandson? Who has two or more children? And you others have probably seen such children. (Laughter) Little people circling. I will place a bet, and I am confident I will win. If you have two or more children, I bet they are very different from each other. Or not? Or not? (Applause) You will not confuse them, right? You will not ask. "Who are you? Remember me. Your mom and I will start using it colors, so we will not confuse you anymore. " Education According to No Child Left Behind it is not based on variety, but on adaptation. Schools are encouraged to find things that children can do along a narrow spectrum of accessibility. One of the effects of No Child Left Behind has been to narrow the focus in the STEM discipline. These are very important. I am not here to oppose science and mathematics. On the contrary, they are necessary but not sufficient. A real education should give the same importance arts, humanities, physical education. Many children … thank you (Applause) … A current calculation in America shows that 10% of children attending this program, have been diagnosed with various conditions that are part of concentration disorders. ADHD. I am not saying that this disorder does not exist. But I do not believe it is such an epidemic. If you lower the children, hour after hour, and push them to do clerical work, do not be surprised if they start to get upset. (Laughter and applause) Most of these children do not suffer from any psychological state. They suffer from childhood. I know this because I spent the early years of life as a child. I went through all this. Children thrive when they have a lesson plan celebrating different talents, rather than just an extension of them. I mean the arts are not important just because they improve points in math. They are important because they speak parts of children that would remain intact. Second..Thank you. The second principle that guides the progress of human life, is curiosity. If you can turn on the light of curiosity in a child, they / they often learn without any other help. Children are natural learners. It is a real achievement to stop this ability, or to strangle it. Curiosity is the engine of achievement. I say this because of one of the effects of current culture if I may say so. is the de-professionalization of teachers. There is no school in the world that is or in any state who is better than her teachers. Teachers are the life and success of the school. But teaching is a creative profession. Teaching, if properly understood, is not a delivery system / So, you are not there just to transmit the information received. Good teachers do it, but what good teachers do is counsel, simulation, provocation, interaction. So, in the end, education is about learning. If you do not learn, then there is no education. People can spend a lot of time discussing education without discussing learning. The whole purpose of education is to make people learn. A friend of mine, an old friend– actually very old he has died. (Laughter) It is very old. But he was a wonderful man, a wonderful philosopher. He talked about the difference between duty and achievement. Thus, you can engage in any activity, but not by reaching him, as a diet. It is a very good example. Here it is. He is on a diet. Is he losing weight? Not so. Teaching is a word like this. You can say, "Here's Deborah, she's in room 34, she's a teacher." But if no one learns anything, then she can engage in the teaching task but actually not fulfilling it. The role of the teacher is to facilitate teaching. This is all. And part of the problem is, I think, that the dominant culture of education is not in focus teaching and learning, but testing. Now, testing is important. Standardization tests occupy an important place. But they cannot be the dominant culture of education. They must be diagnostic. They should help. (Applause) If I want to take a medical test, I would like standardized tests. So, I want to know what my cholesterol level is compared to others in the standard scale. "Your cholesterol is what we call the Orange Level." Really? Is it okay? "" We do not know. " But all this should support learning. I should not hinder it which usually happens. So as for curiosity, what we have is the culture of reconciliation. Our children and teachers are encouraged follow the routine algorithm rather than testing the power of imagination and curiosity And the third principle is this: that human life is naturally creative. This is why we all have different resumes. We create our lives, and we can recreate it as we go through it It is the common currency of being human. This is why human culture is so interesting and different and dynamic. I mean, other animals might have imaginations and creativity, but there is not so much evidence, a yes no, no how much is there for us? You can have a dog. And your dog may be depressed. So, but he does not listen to Radiohead, does he? (Laughter) And sit staring out the window with a bottle of Jack Daniels. (Laughter) And you say, "Do you want to walk?" He says, "No, I'm fine. You go, I will wait. But take a picture. " We all create our lives through this tireless process to imagine alternatives and opportunities, and one of the roles of education is to awaken and develop these creative competencies. Instead, what we have is a culture of standardization. Then, it should not be that way. It really should not be. Finland usually comes out first in mathematics, science and reading. We know this is what they do best because that's all that is currently being tested. This is one of the problems of the test. The issue with Finland's job is this: they are not affected by these disciplines. They have a wide access to education including humanization, physical education, arts. Second, there are no standardization tests in Finland. I mean, there are a few, but that does not wake people up in the morning. That's not the reason he keeps them at their desks. And the third thing, and I was in a meeting last time with some people from Finland, really Finnish people, and someone from the American system was telling people in Finland, "What do you do about the abandonment pattern in Finland?" And they all looked a little astonished, and said, "Look, we do not have one. Why would you leave? If people are in trouble, we deal with them very quickly and we help them and we support them. " Now people always say, "Okay, look, you can not compare Finland with America. " No. I think not in Finland has about 5 million population. But you can compare it to the state of America. Many countries in America have fewer people in them than that. I mean, I've been to a few countries in America and I was the only person there. (Laughter) Really. Really. I was told to make sure when I left. (Laughter) But what performance systems in the world do is now what is not evident, unfortunately through systems in America– I mean, as a whole. One is this: They distinguish between teaching and learning. They claim that it is the students who are learning and the system has to engage them, their curiosity, their individuality, and their creativity. This is how it stimulates them to learn The second is that they attribute a high status teaching profession. They acknowledge that education cannot be improved if you do not employ great people and if you do not give constant support and professional development. Investing in professional development is not an expense It is an investment, and every country that is having good success knows this, if it is Australia, Canada, South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong or Shanghai. And third is, they transfer responsibilities at school level to do the job as well as possible. Thus, there is a big difference between way of command and control in education– This is what happens in some systems. Thus, central governments decide or state governments decide they know things best and they will tell you what to do. The problem is that education does not work in commission rooms of legal buildings. It takes place in classrooms and schools, and the people who do it are the teachers and the students, and if you remove their discretion, the work stops. You have to put people back. (Duartroktije) A wonderful job is being done in this country. But I have to say that this is happening despite the dominant culture of education, not because of that. It seems like people are navigating in the opposite wind all the time. And the reason I think is this: that most current policies are based on mechanical conceptions of education. It seems like education is an industrial process which can only be improved by having better data, I think, that in the mind of some policymakers is the idea that It will not be done, and it never was. The point is that education is not a mechanical system. It is a human system. It has to do with people, who are willing or unwilling to learn. Every student who leaves school has a reason which is rooted in their biography. It may seem boring to them. It may seem out of place to them. This may seem contradictory to them with the life they are living outside of school. There are trends, but the stories always remain unique. Lastly, I was in a meeting in Los Angeles – they are called alternative education programs. These are programs designed to take children back to school. They have certain features in common. They are very personalized. They have total support from teachers, close links with the community and a broad and diverse curriculum, and very often programs in which students are involved outside the school as well as inside it. And they work. What is interesting to me is that, these are called "alternative education." You know? And all the evidence from all over the world is, if we all did, there would be no need for alternative. (Duartroktije) So I think we have to choose a different metaphor. We have to accept this is a human system, and there are conditions to which people thrive, and conditions to which they will not thrive. After all, we are organic creatures, and school culture is absolutely essential. Culture is an organic term, isn't it? Not far from where I live is a place called Death Valley. Death Valley is the hottest, and driest place in America, and nothing grows there. Nothing grows there because it does not rain. Hence, Death Valley. In the winter of 2004, it rained in Death Valley. Seven inches of rain fell over a very short period. And in the spring of 2005, it was a phenomenon. The entire floor of Death Valley was covered with flowers for some time. What is proven is that: Death Valley is not dead. Is sleeping. Right in the middle of the surface are these seeds of opportunity waiting for the right conditions to explode, and with organic systems, if conditions are right, life is inevitable. It happens every time. You get an area, a school, the province, change the conditions, give people another sense of opportunity. another set of vulnerabilities, a wider range of possibilities, you nurture and value the relationship between teachers and students, you offer people the choice to be creative and beyond what they do, and schools that were once deprived of life. Great leaders know that. The Real Role of Leadership in Education– should not be controlled and commanded by national, state level and school level– The main role of leadership is environmental control, creating an environmental opportunity. And if you do, people will stand up for it and arrivals things they did not anticipate and that they did not expect. It is a wonderful saying by Benjamin Franklin. "There are three kinds of people in the world: Those who are immutable people who do not understand, those who do not want to understand, those who do everything to achieve. There are people who are different, people who see the need for change and are prepared to hear it. And there are people who move, people who make things work. " And if we can encourage more people, this will be a move. And if the movement is strong enough, which means, in the best sense of the word, revolution. And that's what we need. Thank you very much. applause Thank you very much. (Applause)